What You Need to Know About Dock Loading Equipment
In order to ensure easy and safe offloading and loading of material at the harbor, use of dock loading equipment is vital. This article will discuss the different kinds of dock equipment, their uses and also characteristics.
Dock levelers is one such equipment. This equipment ensures easy movement of goods from the docks to the trucks. These levelers create a bridge between the dock and the trucks thereby ensuring safe transfer of goods. Dock levelers are of three types and this is dependent upon the mechanism they use. The types include the mechanical type, pneumatic, and the hydraulic type.
The cheapest kind of levelers is the mechanical one. This type is characterized by a spring and chain mechanism which moves the deck up and down. Hydraulic levelers are used when transferring material that is large in volume. Hydraulic levers are automatic and are driven just by pushing a button. The pneumatic type operate by use of airbags. These inflatable levelers are becoming increasingly popular due their simplicity of operation and cheap cost of maintenance.
Another dock leveler type that is widely used is the vertical dock leveler. This is a hydraulic leveler that stays vertical when it is not being used. Due to this characteristic, this leveler can keep clean and its energy efficiency enhanced.
You should consider the volume of goods to be moved, the height adjustment and the weight a leveler can handle when choosing one.
There is yet another loading equipment at the dock called the vehicle restraint. Its main purpose is to ensure safety at the docks. Vehicle restraints are used to keep loading and unloading trucks at the dock in place. This is necessary as accidents can occur while trucks are moving the loaded material. One can use any type of vehicle restraint eg the mechanical, electro-mechanical or hydraulic types. While purchasing this loading equipment, you need to ensure that it is user-friendly.
Dock seals are another important equipment. Its the purpose is to seal the vents between the trailer and the door of the dock. This prevents the leakage of air. This enhances goods safety and eliminates the possibility of contaminating stored goods. This contamination usually occurs because of air infiltration. We have the inflatable types which are the most popularly used. These seal the sides of the trailer and the top. The pad seal is another type which is very common for its low cost.
Aside from the above-mentioned equipment, there exists many other kinds of loading equipment like pumpers, lights, lifts etc. Several factors should be considered before purchasing loading dock equipment. Particular factors include the cost, the manufacturers, safety features and the equipment stipulations such as the capacity to handle certain weight, or volume of goods and the material that the equipment is made of.